Eno Center- Toward Universal AccessDate Published: May 26, 2022
Approximately 61 million U.S. adults—one quarter of the adult population—live with some form of disability. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and other laws, regulations, and guidance aim to protect the rights of people with disabilities, prohibit discrimination based on disability, and provide equal access to opportunity. As a civil rights law that applies to both public and private transportation providers, the ADA aims to ensure equal access to mobility for disabled persons. Although each disability is unique, and many are unaccounted for or underreported in various contexts, one of the most common forms of functional disability is mobility impairment (e.g., difficulty walking or climbing stairs), which affects approximately 13.7 percent of adults in the United States. Disabilities are particularly common in certain demographic groups, including adults over 65, women, and non-Hispanic American Indians and Alaskan Natives, with at least 20 percent of each of these groups experiencing some form of disability.